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Table 4 PerMANOVA results for fire treatment effects on Euclidean distance between plots for composition of fire response types in perennial herbs and shrubs on McCorkhill and Yackelup forest sites, Western Australia, between 1986 and 2015. Pseudo-F values derived from ratio of mean square for effect and residual mean square. P(perm) is the probability of a greater Pseudo-F value and is derived from permutation of the raw data and consideration of the number of unique permutations (Unique perms). P(perm) ≤ 0.05 indicates a significant effect of the source of variation. Plot (Fire treatment) and Sample event (Fire treatment) indicate nesting of Plot and Sample event within Fire treatment

From: Fine-scale temporal turnover of jarrah forest understory vegetation assemblages is independent of fire regime

Location Source df Sum of squares Mean square Pseudo- F P (perm) Unique perms
McCorkhill Covariate:years since fire 1 803.75 803.75 4.8003 0.0002 9917
Covariate:years elapsed 1 734.43 734.43 10.633 0.0001 9934
Fire treatment 4 341.62 85.404 0.72095 0.85 9898
Plot (Fire treatment) 5 684.25 136.85 5.7995 0.0001 9923
Sample event (Fire treatment) 21 975.22 46.439 1.968 0.0006 9879
Residual 23 542.72 23.597    
Total 55 4082     
Yackelup Covariate:years since fire 1 63.994 63.994 0.76988 0.61 9915
Covariate:years elapsed 1 927.07 927.07 11.225 0.0001 9938
Fire treatment 4 819.81 204.95 1.9057 0.015 9895
Plot (Fire treatment) 5 254.56 50.913 1.9236 0.037 9927
Sample event (Fire treatment) 17 1180.7 69.451 2.624 0.0001 9880
Residual 15 397.01 26.467    
Total 43 3643.1