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Table 5 PerMANOVA results for fire treatment effects on Sørensen dissimilarity between plots for assemblages of perennial herbs and shrubs on McCorkhill and Yackelup forest sites, Western Australia, between 1986 and 2015. Pseudo-F values derived from ratio of mean square for effect and residual mean square. P(perm) is the probability of a greater Pseudo-F value and is derived from permutation of the raw data and consideration of the number of unique permutations (Unique perms). P(perm) ≤ 0.05 indicates a significant effect of the source of variation. Plot (Fire treatment) and Sample event (Fire treatment) indicate nesting of Plot and Sample event within Fire treatment

From: Fine-scale temporal turnover of jarrah forest understory vegetation assemblages is independent of fire regime

Location Source df Sum of squares Mean square Pseudo- F P (perm) Unique perms
McCorkhill Covariate: years since fire 1 3 913.4 3913.4 2.0853 0.071 9951
Covariate: years elapsed 1 6 903 6903 9.9707 0.0001 9958
Fire treatment 4 5 628.5 1407.1 0.94566 0.56 9905
Plot (Fire treatment) 5 8 123 1624.6 21.101 0.0001 9905
Sample event (Fire treatment) 21 8 831.6 420.55 5.4624 0.0001 9812
Residual 23 1 770.8 76.991    
Total 55 3 5170     
Yackelup Covariate: years since fire 1 1 952.8 1952.8 1.3413 0.31 9949
Covariate: years elapsed 1 7 446.9 7446.9 10.259 0.0004 9968
Fire treatment 4 6 907 1726.7 0.91292 0.61 9908
Plot (Fire treatment) 5 8 390.9 1678.2 20.319 0.0001 9912
Sample event (Fire treatment) 16 8 719.9 544.99 6.5989 0.0001 9894
Residual 16 1 321.4 82.589    
Total 43 34 739