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Table 2 Different language, goals, actions, and timeframes associated with framing fire as an ecological process versus risk to values

From: Forest Service fire management and the elusiveness of change

Dynamic Fire as ecological process Fire as risk to life, property, and resources
Consequences Both desirable and undesirable effects Negative effects; damages
Language Fire is a natural process Catastrophic fire
Goal Restore Protect
Decisions and actions Capitalize, leverage fire Exclude, control, minimize fire
Time horizon Long-term (years, decades, centuries) Near-term (hours, days, weeks)