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Table 4 Literature that discussed the impact of interacting disturbances on tree regeneration. Studies, forest type, and described interacting disturbances identified. Fire-fire indicates that a study examined two wildfires that reburned the same area; bark beetle-fire describes studies that examined bark beetle outbreaks that preceded a wildfire. The influence of disturbances column explains the differences observed between areas that only experienced a wildfire and those that experienced either a previous bark beetle outbreak or a previous wildfire

From: Tree regeneration following wildfires in the western US: a review

StudyForest typeDisturbancesInfluence of disturbances
Coop et al. 2016Ponderosa-mixed coniferFire-fireHigher reburn severity promoted transition to non-forest cover types
Donato et al. 2009Mixed coniferFire-fireNo reduction in regeneration
Harvey et al. 2014aLodgepoleBark beetle-fireNo reduction in regeneration
Harvey et al. 2014bLodgepoleBark beetle-fireNo reduction in regeneration
Harvey et al. 2013Douglas-firBark beetle-fireLow tree regeneration in bark beetle and high severity fire areas
Larson et al. 2013Dry mixed coniferFire-fireRepeated fires killed regeneration from the first fire but restored a more historical species composition
Lydersen and North 2012Ponderosa-mixed coniferFire-fireShrub cover increased and decreased regeneration
Stevens-Rumann et al. 2015Dry mixed coniferBark beetle-fireNo reduction in regeneration due to both disturbances
Stevens-Rumann and Morgan 2016Dry and moist mixed coniferFire-fireTree regeneration reductions in repeated high-severity fires