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Table 1 Indicator species analysis Monte Carlo method (4999 permutations) results, where the observed indicator value (IV) is the percent of perfect indication based on relative abundance and relative frequency, the randomized IV is calculated from randomized groups, and P is the proportion of randomized trials with indicator value equal to or exceeding the observed indicator value. Only species significant at the α < 0.05 level are shown

From: Boreal forest vegetation and fuel conditions 12 years after the 2004 Taylor Complex fires in Alaska, USA

SpeciesSeverity levelAverage cover (%)Growth formObserved IVRandomized IV mean (SD)P-value
Empetrum nigrum L.Unburned5Shrub, subshrub51.524.1 (9.24)0.015
Flavocetraria cucullata (Bellardi) Karnefelt & A. ThellUnburned3Lichenous83.724.6 (10)< 0.001
Geocaulon lividum (Richardson) FernaldUnburned1Forb, herb37.512.9 (7.88)0.042
Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) Schimp.Unburned24Nonvascular65.528.4 (10.1)0.005
Peltigera aphthosa (L.) Willd.Unburned2Lichenous58.333.6 (11.41)0.044
Pleurozium schreberi (Brid.) Mitt.Unburned9Nonvascular47.526.4 (8.73)0.029
Chamerion angustifolium (L.) HolubHigh3Forb, herb48.634.3 (7.44)0.044
Unknown lichenHigh3Lichenous51.729.0 (9.19)0.027
Vulpicida pinastri (Scop.) J.-E. Mattsson & M.J. LaiHigh1Lichenous71.622.7 (8.18)< 0.001