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Table 1 Parameter estimates (β; logit scale) for models examining how fire characteristics affect female eastern wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) distribution of use and behaviors (i.e., foraging, loafing, and walking) within recently burned (i.e., ≤250 days post burn) areas. Standard errors (SE), Z values, and probabilities that a coefficient differs from 0 are also presented. Data were collected from GPS-tagged wild turkeys at Silver Lake Wildlife Management Area in Georgia, Webb Center Complex in South Carolina, and Kisatchie National Forest in Louisiana, USA, between 1 March and 31 July, from 2014 to 2017

From: Spatiotemporal variability of fire characteristics affect animal responses in pyric landscapes

ModelCovariateβaSEZP
Distribution of use     
 Intercept0.0670.02139.92<0.01
 Time-since-fire−0.0600.028−27.72<0.01
 Burn severity−1.7230.973−16.32<0.01
 Burn heterogeneity0.1190.0693.770.34
 Distance to unburned stand−0.5250.227−22.50<0.01
 Turkey IDb0.190NANANA
Behavioral state     
 Foraging     
 Intercept−0.4880.091−14.978<0.01
 Time-since-fire−0.0520.030−1.7060.09
 Burn severity−1.7430.444−2.6340.04
 Burn heterogeneity0.4510.1363.288<0.01
 Distance to unburned stand−0.1910.018−2.799<0.01
 Turkey IDb0.275NANANA
 Loafing     
 Intercept−0.2220.0952.329<0.01
 Time-since-fire0.2010.0217.055<0.01
 Burn severity−0.4320.215−3.0800.04
 Burn heterogeneity−0.6490.064−1.0100.31
 Distance to unburned stand−0.0010.016−0.0890.93
 Turkey IDb0.570NANANA
 Walking     
 Intercept−1.5340.135−11.396<0.01
 Time-since-fire−0.3190.041−7.860<0.01
 Burn severity0.7020.1834.7610.01
 Burn heterogeneity−0.1890.080−2.3370.02
 Distance to unburned stand0.0850.0252.2390.03
 Turkey IDb0.837NANANA
  1. aVariables are scaled to aid model convergence. Distance to unburned stand was divided by 100, time-since-fire (days) was divided by 50, and burn heterogeneity was multiplied by 100. Parameter estimate on logit scale
  2. bTurkey ID was considered to be a random effect in the model. Thus, it is an estimate of standard deviation of the random effect term