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Table 1 Parameter estimates (β; logit scale) for models examining how fire characteristics affect female eastern wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) distribution of use and behaviors (i.e., foraging, loafing, and walking) within recently burned (i.e., ≤250 days post burn) areas. Standard errors (SE), Z values, and probabilities that a coefficient differs from 0 are also presented. Data were collected from GPS-tagged wild turkeys at Silver Lake Wildlife Management Area in Georgia, Webb Center Complex in South Carolina, and Kisatchie National Forest in Louisiana, USA, between 1 March and 31 July, from 2014 to 2017

From: Spatiotemporal variability of fire characteristics affect animal responses in pyric landscapes

Model Covariate βa SE Z P
Distribution of use      
  Intercept 0.067 0.021 39.92 <0.01
  Time-since-fire −0.060 0.028 −27.72 <0.01
  Burn severity −1.723 0.973 −16.32 <0.01
  Burn heterogeneity 0.119 0.069 3.77 0.34
  Distance to unburned stand −0.525 0.227 −22.50 <0.01
  Turkey IDb 0.190 NA NA NA
Behavioral state      
 Foraging      
  Intercept −0.488 0.091 −14.978 <0.01
  Time-since-fire −0.052 0.030 −1.706 0.09
  Burn severity −1.743 0.444 −2.634 0.04
  Burn heterogeneity 0.451 0.136 3.288 <0.01
  Distance to unburned stand −0.191 0.018 −2.799 <0.01
  Turkey IDb 0.275 NA NA NA
 Loafing      
  Intercept −0.222 0.095 2.329 <0.01
  Time-since-fire 0.201 0.021 7.055 <0.01
  Burn severity −0.432 0.215 −3.080 0.04
  Burn heterogeneity −0.649 0.064 −1.010 0.31
  Distance to unburned stand −0.001 0.016 −0.089 0.93
  Turkey IDb 0.570 NA NA NA
 Walking      
  Intercept −1.534 0.135 −11.396 <0.01
  Time-since-fire −0.319 0.041 −7.860 <0.01
  Burn severity 0.702 0.183 4.761 0.01
  Burn heterogeneity −0.189 0.080 −2.337 0.02
  Distance to unburned stand 0.085 0.025 2.239 0.03
  Turkey IDb 0.837 NA NA NA
  1. aVariables are scaled to aid model convergence. Distance to unburned stand was divided by 100, time-since-fire (days) was divided by 50, and burn heterogeneity was multiplied by 100. Parameter estimate on logit scale
  2. bTurkey ID was considered to be a random effect in the model. Thus, it is an estimate of standard deviation of the random effect term