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Table 2 Risk assessment for the effects of fire–climate interactions in dry coniferous forest and woodlands, low to mid elevation (east-side Cascades, southern Idaho, drier areas of Rocky Mountains, USA), for the mid to late twenty-first century. Likelihood and confidence are rated low, moderate, and high. Low likelihood represents consequences that are unlikely (approximately 0 to 33% probability), moderate likelihood represents consequences that are about as likely as not (approximately 33 to 66% probability), high likelihood represents consequences that are likely to very likely (approximately 66 to 100% probability). Low confidence is characterized by low scientific agreement and limited evidence, whereas high confidence is characterized by high scientific agreement and robust evidence, with moderate confidence falling between those two extremes

From: Changing wildfire, changing forests: the effects of climate change on fire regimes and vegetation in the Pacific Northwest, USA

Fire–climate interaction Magnitude of consequences Likelihood of consequences Confidence
Wildfire frequency Large increase High High
Wildfire extent Large increase High High
Wildfire severity Large increase in areas with elevated fuel loading High High
Reburns Moderate increase Moderate Moderate
Stress interactions Large increase High High
Regeneration Low to high decrease, depending on site Moderate Moderate