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Table 2 Peer-reviewed studies published through 2018 were used to evaluate effectiveness of resource objective wildfires for restoring frequent-fire forests of the western US. Table shows the number of publications reporting decreases, neutral (no change), or increases in attributes commonly used to evaluate ecological restoration success in frequent-fire forests of the western United States. Bolded responses are typically considered desirable restoration outcomes (e.g., Reynolds et al. 2013). Note: attributes are not mutually exclusive to individual studies; some publications reported on responses of multiple attributes

From: Restoration applications of resource objective wildfires in western US forests: a status of knowledge review

Attribute Response
Decrease Neutral Increase
Forest structure
 Total tree density 10 0 0
 Fire-intolerant species density 6 0 0
 Small-diameter tree density 6 0 0
 Large-diameter tree density 3 2 0
Fire characteristics
 Burn severity 4 2 1
 Fire extent or size 3 0 0
Understory vegetation
 Total abundance 1 3 2
 Species richness 1 2 2
 Exotic species abundance 0 1 3
Landscape patterns
 Heterogeneity 0 0 5
 Stability or resilience 0 0 4