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Table 4 Mean number of bat passes per trap night (± standard error) from June to August 2019 from oak restoration sites 1, 2, and 3 and three unmanaged forest controls on the southern Cumberland Plateau, Tennessee, USA. The larger-bodied bat species are listed in bold. P-values were estimated with a three-way ANOVA with bootstrapped nonparametric comparisons

From: The effects of oak (Quercus) restoration on forest trajectory and small mammal use in the southern Cumberland Plateau, USA

  Mean number of bat passes per trap night  
  Thin and burn Control P-value
EPFU/LANO1 200.2 ± 18.5 6.9 ± 25.9 0.001
LABO/NYHU2 80.6 ± 8 2.4 ± 14.7 0.001
LACI3 17.2 ± 2.3 4.9 ± 3.6 0.005
MYOTIS4 8.3 ± 0.8 2.6 ± 1.3 0.001
PESU5 10.5 ± 1.4 1.3 ± 3.0 0.007
NO ID6 96.6 ± 6.1 9.2 ± 7.3 0.001
Noise7 1206.7 ± 73.7 310.7 ± 73.3 0.001
  1. 1EPFU/LANO = big brown bat and silver-haired bat
  2. 2LABO/NYHU = eastern red bat and evening bat
  3. 3LACI = hoary bat
  4. 4MYOTIS = southeastern bat, gray bat, northern long-eared bat, Indiana bat, and little brown bat
  5. 5PESU = tri-colored bat
  6. 6NO ID = calls recorded but unidentified
  7. 7NOISE = sounds recorded but not attributed to bats