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Table 1 Variable names, direction effects, parameter estimates, standard errors, and P-values for each bat species detected in acoustic surveys conducted from 26 February to 3 April 2019 and 10 December 2019 to 14 January 2020 at 34 acoustic-survey points on Camp Blanding Joint training Center, Clay County, Florida, USA. A plus sign (+) denotes an increase in activity with increases in the associated factors, whereas a negative sign (−) denotes a significant decrease. The name of the land cover or survey period denotes a significant increase compared to the alternative name (Pine versus Deciduous or late dormant and spring season [Feb−April] versus early dormant season [Dec−Jan]). Mesic habitat effect directions are opposite to parameter estimate because it is distance metric NA= not applicable when the variable was not included in parameter estimates of the top model for that species, DAIN= northern yellow bat (Dasypterus intermedius), EPFU= big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus), LABO= eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis), LACI= hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus), LASE= Seminole bat (Lasiurus seminolus), MYAU= southeastern myotis (Myotis austroriparius), NYHU= evening bat (Nycticeius humeralis), PESU= tri-colored bat (Perimyotis subflavus), and TABR= Brazilian free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)

From: Fire, land cover, and temperature drivers of bat activity in winter

Variable Species Effect direction Parameter estimate Standard error P-value
Temperature
  DAIN + 1.97 0.18 <0.001
EPFU + 1.35 0.13 <0.001
LASE + 1.73 0.14 <0.001
LABO + 0.93 0.10 <0.001
LACI + 1.42 0.14 <0.001
MYAU + 0.82 0.12 <0.001
NYHU + 1.55 0.13 <0.001
PESU + 1.47 0.14 <0.001
TABR + 1.69 0.17 <0.001
Mesic habitat
  DAIN 0.26 0.04 <0.001
EPFU 0.30 0.03 <0.001
LASE + −0.20 0.04 <0.001
LABO + −0.46 0.03 <0.001
LACI 0.27 0.03 <0.001
MYAU + −0.46 0.04 <0.001
NYHU + −0.19 0.04 <0.001
PESU + −0.81 0.04 <0.001
TABR 0.35 0.04 <0.001
Mean fire return interval
  DAIN NA NA NA NA
EPFU −0.25 0.04 <0.001
LASE NA NA NA NA
LABO + 0.48 0.03 <0.001
LACI NA NA NA NA
MYAU + 0.24 0.05 <0.001
NYHU −0.22 0.05 <0.001
PESU + 0.81 0.06 <0.001
TABR NA NA NA NA
Time since fire
  DAIN + 0.29 0.05 <0.001
EPFU NA NA NA NA
LASE + 0.14 0.04 <0.001
LABO NA NA NA NA
LACI + 0.10 0.03 0.004
MYAU + 0.17 0.05 0.001
NYHU + 0.32 0.05 <0.001
PESU + 0.20 0.06 0.001
TABR + 0.19 0.04 <0.001
Land cover
  DAIN Pine 0.46 0.12 <0.001
EPFU Pine 0.19 0.09 0.044
LASE Pine 0.19 0.09 0.038
LABO Deciduous −0.72 0.07 <0.001
LACI Pine 0.54 0.08 <0.001
MYAU Deciduous −1.33 0.09 <0.001
NYHU Deciduous −0.52 0.08 <0.001
PESU NA NA NA NA
TABR Pine 0.63 0.10 <0.001
Survey period
  DAIN Feb−April 1.93 0.31 <0.001
EPFU Feb−April 1.2 0.23 <0.001
LASE NA NA NA NA
LABO NA NA NA NA
LACI Feb−April 0.58 0.27 0.034
MYAU Dec−April −1.58 0.23 <0.001
NYHU Feb−April 0.67 0.23 0.004
PESU NA NA NA NA
TABR Feb−April 0.64 0.3 0.035