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Table 3 Summary statistics of metrics derived from thermocouples, pyrometers, caloriometers, and fuel assessments. Only burned points, defined as more than half of the 1 m2 plot burned, are included in these statistics.

From: Comparing Techniques for Estimating Flame Temperature of Prescribed Fires

  N Units Average SD Range
MEAN 134 °C 154 85.1 28–475
MAX 134 °C 166 93.3 36–498
TIME60 134 h:mm:ss 0:06:39 0:04:06 0-0:24:00
TIME150 134 h:mm:ss 0:01:13 0:01:48 0-0:09:06
AREA60 134   15031 11637.1 0-72800
AREA150 134   5137 8624.9 0-47990
TP temperature 439 °C 132 64.9 30–427
MP temperature 590 °C 195 98.2 30–427
Calorimeter heat gain 599 cal 4921 3313.1 -40-22880
standing fuel mass 601 g m−2 221 136.3 18–733
litter mass 601 g m−2 1399 1232.9 0–12967
woody debris mass 601 g m−2 288 684.2 0–8124