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Table 2 Summary of the 21 simulations used to model predicted fire behavior in mixed-species ponderosa pine stands. Mortality phases include before a bark beetle attack (green), when the cured needles remain on the trees (red), and when the dead needles have fallen to the ground (gray). Mortality levels were 0 % (green), 20 %, 58 %, and 100 % of ponderosa pine, and synoptic scale wind speeds were 10 m sec−1 (low), 20 m sec−1 (moderate), and 40 m sec−1 (high).

From: Fires Following Bark Beetles: Factors Controlling Severity and Disturbance Interactions in Ponderosa Pine

Simulation Mortality phase Mortality level Wind speed
Green_low green none low
Green_mod green none moderate
Green_high green none high
Red20_low red 20 % low
Red20_mod red 20 % moderate
Red20_high red 20 % high
Red58_low red 58 % low
Red58_mod red 58 % moderate
Red58_high red 58 % high
Red100_low red 100 % low
Red100_mod red 100 % moderate
Red100_high red 100 % high
Gray20_low gray 20 % low
Gray20_mod gray 20 % moderate
Gray20_high gray 20 % high
Gray58_low gray 58 % low
Gray58_mod gray 58 % moderate
Gray58_high gray 58 % high
Gray100_low gray 100 % low
Gray100_mod gray 100 % moderate
Gray100 high gray 100 % high