Comparison of a one-year-old masticated treatment plot in chaparral a) to a nearby one-year-old post-fire plot b) in southern California, USA. Both plots were disturbed on the same day when a spark from a masticator ignited the Long Fire, which burned through untreated vegetation in September 2010. The masticated treatment plot was covered with woody debris, which was absent from the post-fire plot where all dead biomass was consumed by the fire. The post-fire plot was also dominated by Ehrendorferia chrysantha, a post-fire endemic, which was absent from the masticated plot only a couple of hundred meters away. Photo credit: Chelsea Morgan (2011).