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Table 1 Peer-reviewed studies published through 2018 used to evaluate effectiveness of resource objective wildfires for restoring frequent-fire forests of the western US. Show are publication reference, ecoregion* (http://maps.tnc.org/gis_data.html), forest type, main research focus of study, and comparator†† used in each study

From: Restoration applications of resource objective wildfires in western US forests: a status of knowledge review

Publication Ecoregion* Forest type Main focus Comparator††
Barros et al. 2018 WC PJ, PP/JP, DMC, MMC Landscape modeling High-risk fires
Boisramé et al. 2017a SN DMC, MMC Landscape structure Fire suppression; repeated fires
Boisramé et al. 2017b SN DMC Landscape structure, water resources Unburned sites
Brown et al. 1994 MRBM PP/JP, DMC, MMC Fire characteristics Presettlement fires
Collins and Stephens 2007a SN PP/JP, DMC, MMC Fire characteristics Historical fire regime
Collins and Stephens 2007b SN PP/JP, DMC, MMC Tree scarring Fire atlases
Collins and Stephens 2010 SN PP/JP, DMC, MMC Fire characteristics none
Collins et al. 2007 SN PP/JP, DMC Fire characteristics Alternate RO fires
Collins et al. 2009 SN PP/JP, DMC, MMC Fire characteristics RO fire periods
Collins et al. 2011 SN PP/JP, DMC Forest structure Unburned; historical
Collins et al. 2016 SN PP/JP, DMC, MMC Forest structure, landscape variability none
DeLuca and Sala 2006 MRBM DMC Soil nutrients Fire-excluded
Evangelista et al. 2004 CP PJ Understory vegetation Unburned sites
Fulé and Laughlin 2007 CP PP/JP, DMC Forest structure Prefire and unburned
Haire et al. 2013 SN, MRBM, ANMM PJ, PP/JP, DMC, MMC Fire characteristics Wilderness status
Higgins et al. 2015 CP PP/JP, DMC Forest structure Unburned sites
Holden et al. 2006 ANMM PP/JP Forest structure Repeated fires
Holden et al. 2007 ANMM, AH PJ, PP/JP, DMC, MMC Forest structure Unburned sites
Holden et al. 2009 ANMM PP/JP, DMC Fire characteristics Topography
Hopkins et al. 2014 CR Other Forest structure Restoration treatments
Huffman et al. 2017 CP, ANMM PP/JP Forest structure HRV
Huffman et al. 2018 CP PP/JP Forest structure Repeated fires
Hunter et al. 2011 ANMM PP/JP, DMC Forest structure, understory vegetation, characteristics Rx; unburned; repeated fires
Kane et al. 2013 SN PP/JP Landscape structure Unburned sites
Keeling et al. 2006 MRBM PP/JP, DMC, MMC Understory vegetation, forest structure Unburned sites
Larson et al. 2013 CR PP/JP Forest structure Repeated fires
Laughlin and Fulé 2008 CP PP/JP, DMC, MMC Understory vegetation Prefire and unburned sites
Laughlin et al. 2004 CP PP/JP Understory vegetation Reference sites
Merrill et al. 1980 MRBM PP/JP Understory vegetation Unburned sites
Meyer 2015 SN PP/JP, DMC Fire characteristics HRV
Miller et al. 2012 SN, KM PP/JP, DMC Fire characteristics Ecoregions; agencies; wilderness status; forest type
Nesmith et al. 2011 SN DMC Forest structure Rx
Parks et al. 2014 MRBM, ANMM PJ, PP/JP, DMC, MMC Fire characteristics Repeated fires
Roberts et al. 2015 SN DMC Small mammals Unburned sites
Rollins et al. 2001 MRBM, ANMM DMC, MMC, Other Fire characteristics Fire eras
Steel et al. 2018 KM, CNC, ECMP, CSC, SN PP/JP, DMC Landscape structure Fire suppression
van Wagtendonk et al. 2012 SN DMC Fire characteristics Repeated fires
  1. *Ecoregion: AH = Apace Highlands; ANMM = Arizona−New Mexico Mountains; CNC = California North Coast; CP = Colorado Plateau; CRM = Canadian Rocky Mountains; CSC = California South Coast; ECMP = East Cascades–Modoc Plateau; KM = Klamath Mountains; MRBM = Middle Rockies–Blue Mountains; SN = Sierra Nevada; WC = West Cascades
  2. Forest type codes: PJ = pinyon−juniper; PP/JP = ponderosa pine−Jeffrey pine; DMC = dry mixed-conifer; MMC = mesic mixed-conifer
  3. ††Rx = prescribed fire; HRV = historical range of variation